A measure of time and scale of disease that is characterized by a sudden onset and typically a short period of illness (opposite of chronic)
An uncontrollable, often allergic breathing disorder that causes muscles in the airways of your lungs to tighten. This results in wheezing, coughing, and tightness in the chest
Microscopic, single-celled organisms that thrive in diverse environments. These organisms can live in soil, the ocean, and inside the human gut
Airways that bring air into the lungs
A disease in which there is permanent enlargement of parts of the airways of the lung. Symptoms typically include chronic cough with mucus production. Other symptoms include shortness of breath, coughing up blood, and chest pain
Chest CT scan
[chest] [skan]
An X-ray image of the chest taken with a scanner
Continuing over a long amount of time or recurring frequently (opposite of acute)
Clearance techniques
[kleer-uh ns] [tɛk-niks]
Various techniques that break up mucus, prevent it from building up, and allow for it to be cleared easily
(chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
[kron-ik] [uhb-struhkt-iv] [puhl-muh-ner-ee] [dih-zeez]
A lung disease that leads to poor breathing. COPD is a term that is used to include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or a combination of both
[dahy-i-tish-uh n]
A person who is an expert in nutrition
A sudden outbreak of symptoms
Simple organisms that are neither plants nor animals. Some common examples are mushrooms and molds
[gahyd-lahyn] [rek-uh-mend-id]
The ATS/IDSA Statement is the latest published recommendations in the United States that is followed by doctors on how to manage NTM lung disease
Infectious Disease Specialist
[in-fek-shuhs] [dih-zeez]
A medical expert who focuses on diseases resulting from the presence of an infection
Redness, swelling, pain, tenderness, and heat in an area of the body
M abscessus
(Mycobacterium abscessus)
[mahy-koh-bak-teer-ee-uhm] [ab-sess-ess]
A species of NTM
(Mycobacterium avium complex)
[mahy-koh-bak-teer-ee-uhm] [ey-vee-uhm] [kom-pleks]
MAC is the most common species of NTM
M kansasii
(Mycobacterium kansasii)
[mahy-koh-bak-teer-ee-uhm] [can-zays-ee-eye]
A species of NTM
M malmoense
(Mycobacterium malmoense)
[mahy-koh-bak-teer-ee-uhm] [mal-mow-ense]
A species of NTM
M szulgai
(Mycobacterium szulgai)
[mahy-koh-bak-teer-ee-uhm] [sool-guy]
A species of NTM
M xenopi
(Mycobacterium xenopi)
[mahy-koh-bak-teer-ee-uhm] [zen-no-pie]
A species of NTM
A slimy mixture that is produced by glands lining your nose and throat. It also protects and lubricates surfaces in your body
Multidrug therapy
[muhl-tee-druhg] [ther-uh-pee]
A group of more than one drug used to treat a condition
Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) lung disease
[nohn-too-bur-kyuh-luh s] [mahy-koh-bak-teer-ee l] [luhng] [dih-zeez]
NTM lung disease is an infection that occurs in your lungs. The infection is caused by bacteria that are common in the environment
An organism that lives on or in an organism of another species
A medical specialist who diagnoses and treats lung diseases
Relating to the system that brings oxygen into the body and releases carbon dioxide
[ri-zis-tuh nt]
Resistance occurs when bacteria change and evolve to the point that they are no longer affected by treatment. The bacteria survive and continue to multiply, causing more harm
Severe or chronic pneumonia
[suh-veer] [kron-ik] [noo-mohn-yuh]
Chronic inflammation of the lungs with congestion that lasts for a long time
A doctor who devotes attention to a particular class of disease or patient
Sputum culture
[spyoo-tuhm] [kuhl-cher]
A test for infection that requires mucus (phlegm) to be spit up from the lungs and mouth
A contagious disease that may affect almost any tissue of the body, especially the lungs

All definitions taken and adapted for patients from